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The Effects of Neighboring, Social Networks, and Collective Efficacy on Crime Victimization: An Alternative Systemic model of Social Disorganization

Description: The current study was designed to test a full systemic model of social disorganization and develop better indicators for intervening variables. Data come from the 2002-2003 Seattle Neighborhoods and Crime Survey (n = 2,200). Measures include six exogenous structural variables. Intervening variables are neighboring, social networks, and collective efficacy. Structural equation modeling was used to explore the direct and indirect effects of these measures on crime victimization. Results show neighboring had a direct positive effect and an indirect negative effect via collective efficacy on crime victimization. Two constructs for social networks emerged. Neighborhood networks showed a negative indirect effect on victimization via collective efficacy. Non-neighborhood networks showed a direct positive effect on victimization. Implications of the findings, as well as limitations and directions for future research, are discussed.

Suggested Citation:
Soto, A. J., Trahan, A., McGrath, J. (2021). The Effects of Neighboring, Social Networks, and Collective Efficacy on Crime Victimization: An Alternative Systemic model of Social Disorganization [Electronic Version]. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 16(1), 1-24.

Keywords: social disorganization, neighboring, informal social control, victimization

Date: Mar 11, 2021 | File Size: 767.11 Kb | Downloads: 237

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